What You Need to Know About CBD From A Medical and Legal Standpoint
If you are looking for information in CBD, then you have come to the right place. This is a crash course on everything CBD.
What Is CBD?
Cannabis is a complex and intriguing plant, having an undetermined number of chemical compounds. The two most common are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) and it is because these are the ones that actively react with the human body systems. CBD has no psychoactive properties unlike THC and is thus not intoxicating in any way. it, however, has the ability to boost the well-being of a person either physically or mentally, something that researchers have found quite fascinating.
How Does it Work?
The human body has an endocannabinoid system with a vast collection of cannabinoid receptors. It is with this receptors that the Cannabinoids in cannabis reacts with to produce various effects. While some of the receptors are connected to the nervous system, others are spread through the major body organs and systems. When the sensors are tripped by the Cannabinoids that get absorbed into the body, certain chain reactions are set in motion, some of which are positive and some which are negative. The most common being the therapeutic effect that is felt from the use of CBD.
Generally, the endocannabinoid system helps in controlling things like: Immunity, mood, sleep, memory, appetite, pain and even reproduction.
This is what makes it so essential and makes the study of CBD that much more important.
What Are the Potential Benefits of CBD?
For the smokers of marijuana that enjoy the high, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is their compound. This is what everyone thinks about when they hear about cannabis. However, in the use of cannabis for medical purposes, the compound that proves helpful is Cannabidiol (CBD). This compound neither cases people to become high nor indices psychoactive episodes.
CBD affects the body in a different way, something that has enabled research into its medical benefits. There have been a number of trials and researches into CBD, most of which have led to good discoveries on its potential benefits. These include:
Reduction and management of anxiety
CBD was able to counteract the effects of paranoia that put the brain in constant fight or flight mode.
In some studies, CBD was discovered to have anti-inflammatory capabilities which were later applied to the treatment of joint and muscle pain with exceptional success. Its ability to interact with nerves and neurons also made it a great alternative for relieving neuropathic pain.
Management of Epileptic seizures
This begun as studies involving rats then progressed to humans, focusing on children. These clinical studies, According to Dr. Josh Kaplan who has a Ph.D. in neuroscience, the admiration of CBD in epileptic kids has helped reduce their seizures by a great deal. A good example is the 11-year-old Billy Caldwell from the UK who has been greatly helped by the use of CBD Oil.
Larger doses of CBD were discovered to increase sleep in adults and help control insomnia to a great extent.
Other recorded benefits from several studies involving mice and a few involving humans include:
- Reducing the progression of cancer
- Increased appetite in HIV/AIDS patients
- Weight management
- Reduction of diabetes
- Reduction of depression
There is very little documentation concerning the use of CBD as cannabis is illegal in many places. But, from the unsanctioned medical use of the drug, it is also evident that CBD has quite a number of therapeutic effects, something that warrants a study in a controlled environment.
What Are the Potential Drawbacks of CBD?
In the study that involved the effects of CBD on epileptic children, there were reported cases of increased seizures, loss of appetite and dry mouths. There may be several effects of the drug but since there haven’t been that many sanctioned studies on humans or clinical trials approved by the FDA, the effects mainly go unexplored and undocumented. This should be a cause for concern.
What Is the Position of Medical Professionals?
As earlier discussed, there is still a lot that is not known on the side effects and drawbacks of using Cannabidiol. Cannabis is also illegal in several parts of the world. For this reason, there are a lot of doctors that are professionally against the use of CBD for treatment of various conditions since it is their belief that this may end up doing more harm than good. However, there are other doctors that are more open to an unconventional approach, especially when the grim reality is that the medicine in place is inadequate. People like Dr. Mark Wallace who has a clinic in San Diego, Dr. Dustin Sulak in Portland, Maine, and even Dr. Sue Sisley in Phoenix all advocate for and practice the use of medical marijuana as a treatment alternative for several illnesses. This is according to a report by the CNN.
What is The Position of The Law?
Just like the doctors, the law is also split in half. On one hand, we have a federal law that is stern and unyielding, holding firm on its conviction that Cannabis is a schedule 1 controlled substance and as such is illegal to grow, sell and purchase without prior approval from the federal courts. This simply makes it impossible for anyone other than a select few research organizations to grow the marijuana legally. On the other hand, we have the state, whose laws are more flexible and highly influenced by politics. Though not all 50 states have legalized marijuana, there are those that have allowed its use medically and those that have allowed its use both medically and recreationally. It is with this grey area that people are able to purchase CBD Oil and CBD Products to use for various medical conditions.
As of June 25, 2018, Debra Goldschmidt and Susan Scutti of the CNN reported that the FDA was well on its way to approving the first cannabis-based drug, Epidolex. This is to be an oral solution that can be taken twice daily to help treat Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome epilepsy. In a press statement, the FDA Commissioner termed this move as an important medical advancement made thanks to the clinical studies that supported the drug. The drug contains a highly-purified CBD formula and is expected to herald the way for more cannabis-based epilepsy medication to be developed, tested and released for public use. This shows just how much hope there is in CBD and its potential medical applications.